Untold number of Ethiopians are subject to human rights violations : Amnesty International USA

At the end of 2016 Amnesty International published a report titled Ethiopia Offline: Evidence of Social Media Blocking and Internet Censorship in Ethiopia. This report documented how social media and networks in Addis Ababa and the Oromia region were being blocked by the Ethiopian government. Among the more alarming findings is that AI and the Open Observatory of Network Interference (OONI), who co-authored the report, detected the use of Deep Packet Inspection (DPI) technology, which can be used to monitor and filter internet traffic. The Ethiopian government appears to be using the technology for “mass surveillance internet censorship.” The government’s actions constitute a violation of Ethiopia’s obligations to protect freedom of expression under the African Charter and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and also drastically restricts access to information for the Ethiopian people.The internet crackdown is linked to a brutal crackdown by the government in response to protests that started in the Oromo region in November 2015 against the Addis Ababa City Integrated Development Master Plan. This led to nationwide protests following a stampede in Oromia region on October 2, 2016 that followed attacks on foreign and local businesses. In response to the attacks and the protests, the Ethiopian government declared a State of Emergency (SOE) on October 9, 2016. The government declared that under the SOE they could “restrict freedom of expression where such freedom is abused”, and imposed a wide range of restrictions on internet access.  The government also arrested more than 11,000 people charging them with “violence and property damage.”

Based on the standards of the ICCPR, the State of Emergency in Ethiopia has resulted in many derogations that fail to meet international human rights law. For example, the Ethiopian government established a Command Post whose purpose was to “stop any media, prohibit any assembly and search and seize any person or place.”  Under the SOE, WhatsApp, Facebook, and Twitter were either blocked or inaccessible in Ethiopia, especially in the Oromia region. Further, certain types of URLs were blocked, including news media, web pages of political opposition, LGBTI, calling for freedom of expression, and circumvention tools such as Tor and Psiphon.

The Ethiopian government continues to misuse the Anti-terrorism Proclamation (ATP) legislation to charge and arrest people critical of government policies or actions. Amnesty International believes that “the acts of censorship, conducted outside a clear legal framework, over several months and affecting dozens of websites and social media platforms as well as the State of Emergency itself – which is so broadly drafted violates Ethiopia’s international legal obligations and permits violations of numerous human rights.”

These violations include the arrest of a number of government critics such as Bekele Gerba, a leading Oromo human rights activist, Eskinder Nega a prominent journalist and a human rights defender. Who was sentenced to 18 years in jail after he wrote articles demanding freedom of expression and an end to torture in Ethiopia.. Yonatan Tesfaye, a prominent opposition figure facing a possible death sentence due to his Facebook post opposing a government plan to extend the capital’s administrative authority to the Oromia region and Merera Gudina, a human rights activist and leader in the Oromo community.

An untold number of Ethiopians are subject to human rights violations as a result of the State of Emergency, the Anti-terrorism Proclamation and other legislation that the government is using to impose order, and, according to the government, restore peace and security.

As 2017 begins however, the government of Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn will face very stark truths. In can continue down the current path of increasing repression, and jail anyone who it considers unacceptable, creating a nationwide detention camp, or it can display the leadership the country needs by ending the State of Emergency, allowing an independent commission of inquiry into the protests that have shaken the country for the last two years, repeal the draconian laws it created to silence opposition, and release the scores of prisoners that it will need to talk to and work with to address the governance and human rights challenges the country is facing.

The world is watching and time is running out.

See the original report HERE

Gabaasa Human Rights Watch kan bara 2016 Itoophiyaa ilaalchisee baasee Afaan Oromootiin

Naannoo guddicha Itiyoopiyaa – Oromiyaa guutuu keessatti Sadaasa bara 2015 eegalee akkasumas naanoo Amaaraatti Adoleessa bara 2016 eegale hirironni gurguddoofi hin eegamne godhamaniiru. Humnoonni tikaaa mootummaa Itoophiyaa haleellaa humnaa hiriirota baayyinaan nagaa turan irratti fudhataniin lubbuu namoota 500 olii galaafataniiru.

Gaafa Onkolooleessa 2 naannoo Oromiyaa magaala Bushooftuutti namoota ayyaana Irreechaa kabajuuf walitti qabaman irratti humnootni tika mootummaa dhukaasaa yeroo bananiifi boombi imimmeessu tuuta ummataatti yeroo darbatan namootni rifatanii baqatan walirra deemuudhan hallayyaatti nam’anii dhumaniiru. Daragaggeeyyin dhumaati Irreechaatin aaran gamoole mootummafi qabeenya dhunfaa tokko tokko irratti tarkaanfi barbadeessu fudhannaan mootummaan gaafa Onkoloolessa 9 labsi yeroo muddamaa garmalee nama ukkamsuu kan ji’oottan 6f turu labse. Labsiin yeroo muddama kun gochoota heeddu haala ifa hin taaneen dhorkuurra darbee mirga yaada ofii bilisaan ibsachuu, mirga gurmaayuufi hiriira nagaa bayuu dhorkeera. Qajeelfamni labsii sana booda bayes tooftaale hunootni tikaa duriyyuu ittiin mirga namaa dhiitaa turan kan akka ajaja mana murtii malee lammilee hidhuufa seera qabeessa godheera.

Hiriironnii mormii kun kan gaggeeffaman haala qaawwaan siyaasa tokkoole hin jirre keessatti ture. Paartiin biyya bulchu teesso paarlaama biyyatti 100% dhuunfatee jira. Dhaabbileen siivikiifi midiyaaleen walabaas bilisaan akka hin hojjanne godhamaniiru. Namoonni ifatti mootummaa hin deeggarre ajaja mana murtii malee nihidhamu, nireebamu.

Itoophiyaan looltoota ishee qama Ergama Gamtaa Afrikaa (AMISOMii) goote gara Somaaliyaatti nibobbaafti. Bara 2016 humna ‘poolisii addaa’ kan furguggifame lolus humna waraana isheetti dabaluun gara Somaliyaatti akka ergite gabaafame ture. Adoolessa bara 2016 humnootni tikaa Itoophiya kan towanno AMISOM jala hin turre yeroo haleella AL-shebaab irratti fudhatan namoota nagaa 14 naanno Beeyiiti ajjeesaniiru. (Boqonnaa Somaliyaa dubbisaa)

Bilisaan walgayuu

Bara 2016 karoorri mootummaan daangaa magaala guddittii Finffinne gara naannoo Oromiyaatti baldhisuuf baasee mormii kutaa Oromiyaa mara waliin gaye kaasee ture. Humnootni tikaa mootummaas mormitoota irratti halellaa cimaa raawwatan. Yaaddon mormitoota karoorri maqaa ‘misooma qindaawa Finfinneefi naannoshe’ jedhamu kun akkuma waggoottan kurnan darban ta’aa turetti qotee bultoota Oromoo lafa isaniira buqqusuuf deema jechuun ture. Ji’a Amajjii bara 2016 Mootummaan karoora guddaa Finfinne mormii kaase kana haqeera jedhus uummanni hin amanne. Sababiin isaammoo mootummichi waadaa seenaa ture hedduusa cabsuun waan beekamuufi. Mormitoonni komee waggoottan kurnan hedduufi haleella humnaa dogoggooraa kan humnootni tikaa fudhatan mormaa turan. Mormitoonni iddo tokko tokkotti badii akka geessisan gabaasni muraasni ni agarsiisu. Garuu bakka baayyeetti mormii isaanii karaa nagaatiin dhageessisaa turan. Ebilaafi Caamsa bara 2014s mormiin walfakkatuufi haleellan humnoota tikaa walfakkaatu fudhatamanii turan.

Yeroo mormiin kun adeemsifamaa ture humnootni tika mootumma Itoophiyaa barattoota kuma kurnaniin lakkaayaman, barsiisota, miseensota paartilee mormituu, hojjattoota fayyaa akkasumas namoota ijoolle poolisii jalaa baqataniif dawoo kennan ykn gargaaran gara mana hidhaattii guuraniiru. Baayyeen namoota hidhamanii turanii hiikamanus namoonni lakkofsi isaanii hin beekamne gargaarsa seeraaffi daawwii maatii malee osoo himanni tokko irratti hin banamiin haga yoonaa mana hidhaa tursiifamaniiru. Hoggannoonni paartilee seeraan galmaayanii socho’anii kan akka paartii Kongirasi Federaalistii Oromoofaa labsii farra shororkeessumaan himatamanii mana hidhaati guuramaniiru. Qabsoo lola-malee jabeessanii barsiisaa kan turan itti aanaa dura taa’aa KFO dabalate hogganoonni marti shorrorkeessuman himatamanii hidhamaniiru.

Ji’a Adoolessaa keessa hidhamuu miseensota komitee eenyumma walqaayit sababeefachuun mormiin gara naannoo Amaarattis babaldhateera. Komiteen kun rakkina daangaa bulchiinsa yeroo dheeraf deebii hin arganne furuuf garee socho’aa turaniidha. Xiyyeeffannoon mormitoota naannoo Amaaraa inni guddaan walcaalmaa hirmaannaa aangoofi dinagdee biyyatti kan warra mootummicha deeggaran addatti fayyadu irratti mormii dhageessisuu ture. Hagayya 6 fi 7 qofatti humnootni tikaa mootumma naanno Oromiyaafi Amaara keessatti namoota 100 ol ajjeesaniiru. Magaala Baahirdaar qofa keessatti namoota 30tu ajjeefame. Magaalli Bahirdaar magaalota mormii uummanni garmalee guddaan irratti hirmaate keessumeessan keessa ishee tokko turte. Naanno Amaaraa guutuu keessatti ummata heddumminaan akka hidhanis gabaafameera.

Naannoo Ummatoota Kibbaa zoonii koonsootti mormii uummanni naannoo koonsoo daangaa bulchiinsa irratti kaase ukkaamsuuf humnootni tikaa mootummaa Itoophiyaa dhalattoota Koonsoo kurnaniin lakkaayaman ajjeesaniiru.

Mootummaan komee mormitoota naannoo Oromiyaa, Amaaraafi Koonsoo irraa ka’e sirnaan deebisuuf fedhii takkallee hin agarsiisne. Inumaayyuu tasgabbii boorayeef sababa kan ta’an dhabamuu bulchiinsa gaariifi hoji dhabdummaa dargaaggootu humnoota alaan garmalee hoo’ifame jedhuun komicha qaama alaatti naanneessan.

Mootummaan ajjeechaa naannoo Oromiyaa, Amaaraafi Koonsootti raawwate sirnaan qorachuuf fedhi takkallee hin agarsiifne. Qaamaa mootummaa kan ta’e komishiniin mirga namoomaa Itoophiyaa Waxabajjii darbee gabaasa paarlaama biyyattiif dhiyeessan keessatti humni humnootni tika mootummaa fayyadaman balaa mormitoonni poolisootarraan gayaniin walbira qabamee yoo ilaalamu humna walmadaalawa fayyadaman jechuun gabaasaniiru. Ragooleen ifatti jiran garuu faallaa gabaasa kanaa agarsiisu.

Labsiin muddamaa Onkolooleesa baye mormii mootumman hin hayyamne mara dhorkeera. Naanoo koomandi poostin murteesse mara keessatti hanga labsiin muddama kun hin kaanetti ajaja mana murtii malee akka fedhanitti nama hidhuus hayyameera.

Poolisiin addaa naannoo somaalee lola adda bilisa baasa Ogaaden (ONLF) waliin gochaa jiru keessatti dhiitta mirga nammooma garmalee guddaa raawwataa jira. Namoota ONLF gargaaru ykn leellisu jedhamanii shakkaman murtoo seeraa malee ajjeesuun, seera malee hidhuufi reebuun gabaafamaa ture. Maatiin namoota daawwanna pirezidaantiin bulchiinsa naanno Somaale Abdii Illey Meelboorn, Awustiraaliyaatti Waxabajjii 12 mormanii Itoophiyaati hidhamaniiru.

Bilisaan yaada ofii ibsachuufi ijaaramuu

Miidiyaan biyyatti ammallee towannoo mootumma jalaa hin kan hin baane dha. Inumayyuu labsii muddama dhuma bara 2016 bayeen towannoon mootumma garmalee itti jabaateera. Kanarra kan ka’e filannoon gaazexeessitoota biyyatti bayyee ofumaa of-dhorkuu ykn reebamuu ykn hid*hamuu ykn biyya baqatanii baduu qofa ta’ee jira. Erga bara 2010 as yoo xinnatee gaazexeessitooni 75 biyya gadhiisani baqataniiru. Gaazexeessitoota doorsissun alattis toftaan mootumman ittin miidiyaa walabaa dangeessu maneen maxxansaa, maxxanssitootafi raabsitoota kiyeesuufaa dabalata.

Gaazexeessitoonni heddun kan akka Iskindir Naggaafi Wubishet Taayyee, namoonni hiriira nagaa irratti hirmaataniifi miseensonni paartilee mormituu maqaa labsii farra shorrorkeessumman hidhamanii jiru. Gaazexeessan Geetacho Shifarra himata mootummaa maqaa balleessu jedhuun yakkamee ji’a Sadaasa keessa hidhaan waggaa tokkoo itti murtaayee jira. Barreessan Zalaalam Wargaagenyahu jedhamus guyyota 700 erga hidhamee booda Caamsa 10 labsii farra shorrorkeessaatiin yakkamee hidhaan waggaa 5fi ji’a 2 itti murtayeera. Gaazexeessa Yusuuf Geetachoos Hagayya bara 2015 erga labsi farra shorrorkeessaan yakkamee waggaa 4 hidhamee booda Fulbaana 10 dhiifamaan mana hidhaatii gadhiifameera.

Mootummaan Itoophiyaa marsariitota dhimmoota ijoo irratti seenessa mootumichaa gaaffii keessa galchaniifi miidiyaalee hawaasa dhaabbataadhaan uggura jira. Kessattuu yeroo wantootni miira namaa tuqan kan akka fixinsa/walirra deddeeminsa Irreechaa dabalatee mootummaan Itoophiyaa intarneetii guutumaa guutuutti cufee ture.

Ji’oota Hagayyaafi Fulbaana keessa mootummichi dhabbatoota radiyoo adunyaa kan akka sagalee raadiyoo Ameerikaafi Docheveeleefa ugguree ture.  Yeroo mormiin ademsifama turetti uummuta kakaasuufi odeeffannoo facaasuu keessatti miidiyaale hawaasaafi dhaabbileen televiziyoona diyaaspoora gahee murteessa taphataniiru. Yeroo labsii muddamaa kanatti uummanni televisiyoonota diyaaspooraa ilaaluunis ta’ee odeeffannoo miidiyaalee hawaasa irraati dhoobuun dhorkameera. Labsiin kun dhaabileen mormituus miidiyaa wajjin akka wal hinqunnamne dhorkeera.

Labsiin dhaabbilee siviiki bara 2009 baye dandeettiifi hojii dhabbilee miti mootumma akkuma laamshessetti jira. Labsichi dhaabbileen siivikii galii isaani 10% ol biyya alaati argatan dhimmota akka mirga namoomaa, bulchiinsaa, nagaa buusuufi mirga dubartootaa, daa’immaniifi qama midhamtootaa irratti akka hin dalagne dhorka.

Imaammata misooma mootummaa qeequun garmalee hamaadha. Aktivistoonni kana godhan himatamaa jiru. Akka fakkeenyaatti dhaddacha Paastar Omoot Agwaa kan bara 2016ti darbe ilaaluun nidanda’ama. Paastar Omot Agwaan yeroo baankin adunyaa badii investimentii baankiin walqabatu tokko qorachuuf garee qorattuu baankii adunyaa gara Itoophiyaatti erge ture garee kanaaf afaan hiikuufi haala mijeessuun nama hojjataa tureedha. Himatni namoota lama Omot wajjin himatamanii Sadaasa darbe addaan citeera. Himatni namoota kana sadan irratti kan baname Fulbaana 7, bara 2015 ta’us kan qabamanii hidhaman garuu buufata xayyaara Booleeti Bitootessa bara 2015 yeroo sagantaan dhimma midhaan nyaatan of-danda’uu Naayiroobi Keniyaatti qophaaye irratti hirmaachuuf imalarra jiran ture.

Hidhaa seeran alaafi dararaa mana hidhaa

Humnootni tikaa mootumma, poolisoonni federaalaa, humnoota waraana, poolisiin addaa akkasumas angawoota tikaa kan siviilii uffatan dabalate hidhamtootni siyaasa akka ofirratti raga bayaniif mana hidhaa dhoksaafi ifaatti beekamutti reebichaafi dararaa heddu rawwataniiru. Namoonni mormii dhiyeenya kanarra qabamani hidhamani turan hedduun isaani mana hidhaattiifi kaampii waraanaatti reebichiifi dararaan akka irra gahee ture himatu. Dubartoonni heddus dhiibbaan saalaafi gudeedamuun akka irra gaye dubbatu. Humnoota tikaa dhiittaa kana fakkaatu raawwatan irratti qorannoofi adambni akka fudhatame wanti ibsu hin jiru.

Himatni pirojaktoonni misooma mootummaa qotee bultoota humnaan lafarra buqqisu jedhu dabalaa dhufe. Babaldhinni magaala Finffinneefi qonni sukkaara mootummaa naanno sulula Oomoo kan uummanni durii 200,000 ta’u keessa jiraatan balaa qotee bultoota humnaan buqqisaa jira jedhama. Hawaasni sulula Oomoo keessa jiraatan lafti margaa isaani jalaa mancayeera, laga Oomoos akka fedhanitti akka hin fayyadamne dhorkamaniiru. Hidhaan Gilgal gibe 3ffaan laga Oomoo duubatti argamu guutuun ji’a Amajjii keessa calqabamee jira, Kanaaf bara 2015 lolaan namtolchee tokkollee hin turre. Angawonni mootummaa bara 2016ti lolaan nigadhiifama jedhanus faallaa waadaa isaani lolaa baayyee xiqqootu ture. Lolaan laga Oomoo kun haroo Turkaanaa guutufi lafa qotiisaa lagicharra jiraniif barbaachisaadha.

Qaamota adunyaa shoora murteessa taphatan

Itoophiyaan arjoota biyya alaafi mootummoota naanooshee irraa gargaarsa guddaa argachaa jirti. Sababni isaas teessoo gamtaa Afrikaa waan taateef, gayee cimaa isheen naanno gaanfa Afrikatti taphattuuf, shoora isheen qama nagaa eegdu mootummoota gamtoomanii keessaatti taphattuuf, dhimmota farra shororkeessummaa, gargaarsaafi baqattoota irratti mootummoota dhiyaa wajjin waan hojjattuuf akkasumas guddina missomaa agarsiisa jirti jedhamuufi. Itoophiyaan baqattoota hedduuf iddoo ka’umsa, ce’umsaafi keessummeessituudhas.

Tarkaanfiin Itoophiyaan mormii dhiyeenya kana ta’an gara jabeenyaan ukkamsuuf fudhattefi labsiin muddamee labsite deeggartootashee yeroo dheera dabalate qaamota heddurra qeeqa ifaafi cimaa hin baratamne hordofsiseera. Gamtaan Afrikaafi Komishiniin mirga ummataafi namoomaa Afrikaa ibsa tarkaanfiin Itoophiyaa nuyaadessera jedhu baasaniiru. Paarlaamaan Awurooppa seeraafi ijannoo cimaa tokko gadhiiseera. Seeneetifi manni maree bakka bu’oota Ameerikaas ibsa cimaa tokko beeksiseera. Komishiniin mirga namooma mootummoota gamtoomani ajjechaa ji’a Adoolessa humnootni tika mootumma fudhatan irratti qorannoon qaama adunyaafi of-danda’ee akka barbaachisu ifatti jala muree gaafateera. Arjoonii biroon akka baankii adunyaa akkuma waan humtu hin taaneetti ibsa ifaafi yaaddoo tokko otoo hin baasiin hojii isaani baratame itti fufanii jiru.

Ji’a Waxabajjii keessa Itoophiyaan qaama naga eegsistu mootummoota gamtoomani taate filatamtee jirti. Garee mirga namooma addaa mootummoota gamtoomanii wajjin hojjachuuf fedhii akka hin qabne seenasheerra osoo beekamuu mana maree mirga namooma mootummoota gamtoomaniitis itti aana pirezedantii taatee jirti. Gayee kana hunda otoo achi keessa qabduullee Itoophiyan gareen mirga namooma addaa mootummoota gamtoomanii akka biyyashe hinseenne dhorkiteerti. Gareen mirga namoomaa addaa mootummoota gamtoomani Itoophiya kan seenan yeroo dhumaaf bara 2006, yeroo gareen dhimma Eertira qoratu dhaqe qofa ture.

Odeeffannoo dabalataaf  Gabaasa Human Rights Watch bara 2017 dubbisuu dandeessa.

ኢትዮጵያ: የጭካኔና ገደቦች አመት መብቶች ይከበሩ፣ ለህዝብ ቅሬታዎች መልስ ይሰጥ

Human Rights Watch Report 2016 እ.ኤ.አ. በ 2016 ዓ.ም. ኢትዮጵያ የሰብአዊ መብቶች ቀዉስ ዉስጥ ወድቃለች። ሂዩማን ራይትስ ወች ዛሬ በወጠው የ 2017 ዓ.ም. የአለም ዓቀፍ ሪፖርት ኢትዮጵያ የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጅ ባወጀችበት በዚህ ወቅት መሰረታዊ መብቶችን በመገደብና ሰለማዊ ሰልፈኞች ላይ የከፈተችዉን ደም አፍሳሽ አፈናን  ቀጥላበታለች ብሏል። የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጁ በዘፈቀዳ ማሰርን ይፈቅዳል፣ ማህበራዊ መገናኛ ብዙሃንን ይገድባል፣ አንዲሁም ከውጭ አካላት ጋር መገናኘትን ይከለክላል።

በዚህ ዓመት የመንግስት የጸጥታ ሀይሎች በኦሮሚያና ኣማራ ክልሎች በመቶዎች የሚቆጠሩ ሰለማዊ ሰልፈኞችን ገድሏል፣ በአስር ሺህዎች የሚቆጠሩትን ዕስር ቤት ኣጉሯል። ታስረው ከተፈቱት ብዙዎቹ በእስር ቤት ዉስጥ ስቃይ አንደደረሰባቸው ታናግረዋል። ይህ እስረኞችን የማሰቃየት ችግር ኢትዮጵያ ዉስጥ ለረጅም ግዜ ሳይፈታ የዘለቀ ችግር ነው። መንግስት የጸጥታ ሀይሎች ያደረሱትን በደሎች በተገቢው መልኩ ለመመርመርም ሆና ለአለማቀፍ ምርመራ ጥሪውች  መልስ መስጠት አልቻለም።

የታጠቁ የመንግስት ወታደሮች በመስከረም ወር 2009 ዓ. ም በቢሾፍቱ ኢትዮጵያ በተከበረው የኢሬቻ በአል ላይ ተቃውሞ የሚያሰሙ ሰዎችን ሲመለከቱ።

የታጠቁ የመንግስት ወታደሮች በመስከረም ወር 2009 ዓ. ም በቢሾፍቱ ኢትዮጵያ በተከበረው የኢሬቻ በአል ላይ ተቃውሞ የሚያሰሙ ሰዎችን ሲመለከቱ።

‘’የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት እ.ኤ.አ. በ2016 ዓ.ም. የቀረቡለትን ብዙ የማሸሻያ ጥሪዎችን በአግባቡ ማየትና ማሰተካከል ሲገባው ሰላማዊ ሰልፈኞችን ለማፈን ያልተመጣጠነና አላስፈላጊ ሀይል ተጠቅሟል’’ ብሏል ፌሊክስ ሆርኔ በሂውማን ራይትስ ወች ከፍተኛ የአፍሪካ ተመራማሪ። ‘’የማይጨበጡ የታህድሶ ተስፋዎች በቂ አይደሉም። መንግስት ሁሉንም ትችቶች በሀይል ለማፈን ከመሞከር ይልቅ መሰረታዊ መብቶችን መመለስና ትርጉም ያለዉ ዉይይት ዉስጥ መግባት አለበት።’’ ብሏልፌሊክስ ሆርን

በባለ 687 ገጹ የዓለም ሪፖርት 27ተኛ እትም ሂውማን ራይትስ ወች ከ90 በላይ በሆኑ ሃገራት ያለውን የሰብዓዊ መብት ትግበራ ገምግሟል። በዚህ የማስተዋወቂያ ጽሁፍ ዋና ዳይሬክተር ኬንዝ ሮዝ አዲስ የህዝባዊ አገዛዝ ትውልዶች የሰብዓዊ መብቶችን ጽንሰ ሃሳብ ለመቀልበስ መሻታቸውን ጽፈዋል፤ መብትን የሚያስተናግዱበት መንገድ የብዙሃንን ፍላጎት ለመገደብ ባመቸ መልኩ መሆኑን ጽሁፋቸው ይገልጻል። ከዓለም ዓቀፉ የምጣኔ ሃብታዊ እድገት ትርፍ ተቋዳሽ እንዳልሆኑ የሚሰማቸው ሰዎች እና እየጨመረ ባለው የብጥብጥ ስጋት የሲቪክ ማህበረሰብ ቡድኖች፣ መገናኛ ብዙሃን እና ህዝቡ መብቶችን የሚያከብር ዴሞክራሲ እንዲገነባ አወንታዊ ሚና መጫወት አለባቸው።

የፀጥታ ሃይሎች በጥቅምት ወር የእሬቻ በዓልን ለማክበር የወጣውን ከፍተኛ ቁጥር ያለው ህዝብ ለመቆጣጠር የተጠቀሙት ያልተገባ አያያዝ ምክንያት ሰዎች እርስ በእርስ በመረጋገጣቸው ምክንያት በርካቶች በመሞታቸው የተቃውሞ ስልፈኞቹ ብስጭት ከፍተኛ ደረጃ ላይ ደርሷል፡፡ በምላሹም የተናደዱት ወጣቶች፣ በተለይም በኦሮሚያ ክልል የግልና የመንግስት ንብረቶችን አውድመዋል። ከዚህ በኋለ ነበር መንግስት የአስቸኳይ ግዜ አዋጁን በማዋጅ በሰልፉ ግዜ የጸጥታ ሀይሎች ሰልፈኞች ላይ ላደረሷቸው በደሎች ህጋዊ ሽፋን በማላበስ ሰላማዊ ሰልፈኞቹ ላቀረቡት ጥያቀዎች የበለጠ ወታደራዊ መልስ አንደሚሰጥ ያመላከተው።

ሂዩማን ራይትስ ወች እንዳለው ሀሳብን በነጻነት የመግለጽና መረጃ የማግኘት መብት ላይ መንግስት የጣለው ገደብ እንኳንስ ችግሩን ሊፈታ የተቃዋሚዎቹን ቅሬታዎች ለመረዳት የሚያስፈልገዉን ሁሉን ኣቀፍ ፖሎቲካዊ ዉይይት አቅም ያዳክማል

እ.ኤ.አ. በ 2016 ዓ.ም. ከታሰሩት በአስር ሽዎች ከሚቆጠሩት አስረኞች መካከል፣ ጋዜጠኞች፣ ጦማሪዎች፣ ሙዚቀኞች፣ መምህራንና የጤና ባለሙያዎች ይገኙበታል። አንደነ በቀላ ገርባያሉ ለዘብተኘ የሚባሉ የፖሊቲካ ፓርቲ መሪዎች በሽብር ተከሰው እስር ቤት ተወርውረዋል። የመማር ማስተማሩ ሂደት ተስተጏጉሏል፣ በሽዎች የሚቁጠሩት ደግሞ ሀገር ጥለው ተሰደዋል።

ልዩ ፖሊስ የሚባሉት የመከለከያ ሰራዊት ተወርዋሪ ሃይሎች እ.ኤ.አ. በ2016 ዓ.ም. በሶማሌ ክልል ነዋሪዎች ላይ ብዙ ግፎችን ፈጽመዋል። በኢትዮጵያ ልማት ፕሮጀቶች ምክንያት ዜጎችን ከቄዬቸው ማፈናቀሉ ኦሞ ሸለቆን ጨምሮ በብዙ ቦታዎች ቀጥሏል።

እ.ኤ.አ. የ 2016ቱ አፈና ለዓመታት በተቃዋሚ ፓርትዎች፣ ሲቪክ ማህበራትና ገለልተኛ የሚዲያ ተቋማት ላይ ሲደረግ የነበረው ስልታዊ ጥቃት ቅጥያ ሲሆን የፖሊቲካ ምህዳሩን በደንብ በመዝጋት ተቀዋሚ ድምጾችን መተንፈሻ አሳጥቷል።
 

Free OFC Leaders and All Political Prisoners!

The TPLF led Ethiopian government has jailed almost all leaders of the Oromo Federalist congress (OFC), the largest Oromo political opposition party in Ethiopia. The OFC political leaders icluding Merera Gudian (PhD) (chairman) and Bekele Garba (deputy chairman) have been jailed not because they committed crimes, but because they worked to defend the interests (political, economical and cultural) of the Oromo people.

They have been jailed for they spoke against human rights violations, land grabs (eviction of Oromo framers from their land) and the minority rule. They have been jailed for they demanded freedom, justice, equality and democracy to prevail in Ethiopia. They have been jailed for they demanded equal share of power and wealth; for they called for free and fair elections to be held; for they campaigned to enable the Oromo people to get the place they deserve in Ethiopia.

In TPLF gulag, these brave souls are at times denied basic human rights that prisoners deserve-they are abused, tortured, denied access to medication when they are sick (mostly because of the ill treatments they receive at the hands of the jailers) and prevented from meeting their family and lawyers.

We demand the TPLF/EPRDF leaders to come to their real sense and release the leaders of the Oromo Federalist Congress and all other political prisoners if they really care about peace & stability. And they must do it now!

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#FreeBekeleGerba

#FreeMereraGudina

#FreeDejeneTafa
#FreeAddisuBulala

#FreeGurmessaAyana

#FreeOlbanaLelisa
#FreeAllOtherPoliticalPrisoners

OFC International Support Group Statement on Arrest of Dr. Merera Gudina and OFC Leaders

For Immediate Release:

OFC ISG calls on the international community to pressure the Ethiopian government to unconditionally release of the Oromo Federalist Congress leaders

Oromo Federalist Congress International Support Group (OFC-ISG) is a non-profit organization established with a mission to bring an end to the oppression and injustice in Ethiopia. Our goal is to advance human rights, rule of law, good governance and freedom of expression in Ethiopia through advocacy, public forum and financial support to the Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC).

Ethiopian security forces arrested Dr. Merera Gudina, the chairman of the opposition party Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC) and vice-chairman of the largest coalition, Medrek, on his arrival in Ethiopia after testifying at the European Union Parliament on November 29, 2016. He was arrested for sitting by an EU Parliament invitee who is the leader of an alleged “terrorist organization” banned by the Ethiopian government. This is not the first time the Ethiopian government has detained the OFC leaders. In December 2015, one month after the outbreak of Oromo Protests, it arrested the OFC deputy chairman Bekele Gerba and kept the secretary general of the party Bekele Nega under house arrest. More than 6000 OFC members were detained, a number that has risen since a state of emergency was imposed on October 8, 2016.

It was reported that the security forces physically assaulted Dr. Merera, injuring him. It should also be noted that he is a diabetic and our concern for his health is growing. Moreover, his legal counsel has still not been allowed to visit him, though they went to the federal police investigation center three different days. His family members were allowed to visit him only once last Monday. The Ethiopian government is violating the Right of Access to and Assistance of a Lawyer guaranteed by the Ethiopian constitution and international covenants to which it is a signatory. We condemn the barbarous actions of Ethiopian security forces in the strongest terms. We call on the government to immediately allow Dr Merera to access medical care and legal counsel.

We reiterate the need for the meaningful accountability for the government’s crackdown on Oromo protesters over the past year which has resulted in torture and extrajudicial killings by security forces. We continue to urge the Ethiopian government to seek a peaceful solution to the legitimate issues raised by its citizens immediately, before the problem spirals out of control. We call on the international community to react to the humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia before it is too late. We demand the Ethiopian government to unconditionally release Dr. Merera, Bekele Gerba, journalists, all members of the OFC and civil society activists who have been detained, and take meaningful actions to open political space, starting with lifting current restrictions on social media, allowing independent international investigation and facilitating a way for political reforms toward an inclusive and truly representative government.

Oromo Federalist Congress International Support Group

December 9, 2016

Minneapolis, Minnesota

For more see at: http://www.ofcinternational.com/for-immediate-release/

Ana Gomes Writes a letter to Angela Merkel regarding the arrest of Prof. Merera Gudina

Ana Gomes, EU MP who closely follows the political situations in Ethiopia wrote a letter to Angela Merkel, the chancellor of the Republic of Germany regarding the arrest of Prof.  Merera Gudina , the veteran Oromo opposition political figure in Ethiopia.

In her letter, Ms Gomes explained what led to the detention of prof. and urged EU for more stringent approach towards Ethiopia, the single largest recipient of EU development aid in Africa. She also asked the German chancellor to press the release of Prof. Merera and his relatives who were detained with him; condemn his arrest as blatant violation of international human rights norms and to extend the demand to the release of thousands of other political prisoners in Ethiopian jail.

Read the full letter here: Ana Gomes’s Letter to Angela Markel regarding the Arrest of Prof. Merera Gudina

Dr. Merera Gudina, the Prominent Oromo Opposition leader detained

From left to Right: Geresu Tufa, Feyisa Lelisa, Professor Birhanu Nega, Dr. Merera Gudina at the European Union

Dr. Merera Gudina, the prominent leader of the largest Oromo Opposition political party in Ethiopia, the Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC), was detained by Ethiopian security forces on Wenesday at Bole International Airport on his return from Europe.

He traveled to Europe upon the invitation of the European Union along Professor Birhanu Nega, the chairman of Patriotic Ginbot 7, a rebel group based in Eritrea, to witness the current human rights situations in Ethiopia.

It is reported that Dr. Merera was detained accused of sharing the same forum at the European Union with Professor Birhanu Nega, who leads a rebel group labelled by the Ethiopian government as terrorist organization.

Since the declaration of the State of Emergency in October, the Ethiopian government jailed scores of political leaders, journalists, bloggers and activists.

The whereabouts of Dr. Merera is not known.

 

Ogeessa Information Technology kan ta’e, Abdiisaa Beencaa Jaarra, komaandi poostiitiin akka qabame dubbatamaa jira

Ogeessaa Information Technology fi dizaayinara moosaajii (software) kan ta’eefi Afaan Oromoo afaan teeknoolojii akka ta’u hojii gurguddaa hojjechaa kan ture, Abdiisaa Beencaa Jaarra, komaandii poostiin guyyaa hara’a akka qabame gabaafmeera. Abdiisaan eessaa akka jiruufi haala akkamiira akka jiru hin beekamne.

Mootummaan Itoophiyaa, erga labsii hatattamaa (state of emergency) labse asi Oromoota kuma 50 ol qabuun, kaamppii waraanaa adda addaatti dararaa akka jiru ni beekama. Mootummaan Itoophiyaa, Adda Bilisa Baasaa Uummata Tigraayiin durfamu, miidiyaa ofii to’atuun namoota kuma 11 ol akka to’anna jala oolan beeksiseera.

Abdiisaa Beencaa Jaarraa eenyu?  ( Beekan Gulummaa Irrenaa tiin akka barreeffametti)

Abdiisaan Ogeessa koompiwutaraa (IT Specialist/Programmer/App Developer) yommuu ta’u, Barnoota koompiwuutaraatiin (Information Technology) dhaan xumura bara 2013, Yuunbaristii Haramayaa irraa eebbifame. Hojiisaarraa ka’uun namootni hedduu Abdiisabaa jedhuun. Abdiisaan eebbasaa booda boqannaaf gara maatiisaa kan deeme yoo ta’u turtii ji’alamaa booda Kaampaniin Moosajii(Software Company) kan lammummaan isaa nama USA tokko hojiidhaaf yaame. Abdiisaan gaaf sanarraa kaasee dhimma jireenya dhuunfaa lafa kaayee, saba kootiif maal gumaacha,Ogummaa kootiin maal fayyada, yaada jedhutti seene.

Kanaanis namoota naannotti argu keessattuu magaalaa Finfinnee fi namoota sab-qunnamtiilee hawaasummaa garagaraa irratti hirmmatan ilaaluun Rakkoolee namootni heddu Afaan Oromoo irratti qaban (dubbisuu, dubbachuu fi barreessuun) jiraachuu hubate. Abdiisaan hubatee qofa hin dhiifne; kun sababa maaliitiif waan jedhus xiinxalle. Xiinxalla kanaanis namootni irra caalaan rakkinna dhuunfaa osoo hin taane rakkoolee iddoo itti baratan dhabuu, wantarraa baratan dhabuu (Resource accessiblity) akka ta’e hubate. Kunis, Gabaabbinnan Afaan kana iddoo fi saa’aa barbaadanitti argachuun akka hin danda’amne kan bare Abdiisaan furmaatni maal jedhee of gaafate.

Haala kanaan dhaadannoo “Afaan Oromoo afaan saayinsii fi teekinoolojii haa taasifnu.” jedhuun as bahe. Kanumarraa ka’uun yeroo gabaabatti namootni biyyoota garagaraa jiraatan fayyaduu akka danda’anitti yaadee hojiilee armaan gadii kanneen gad baasuu eegale:

  1. Fayyadamaa Mobaayilaa(Mobile App) maqaa “Afaan Oromoo Baradhaa” jedhuun Google Play Store irratti gad lakkise. Fayyadamaan(Appn) kun seerluga Afaan Oromoo kan barsiisu yommuu ta’u qabiyyee boqonnaa torba( Qubee A,B, C… irraa kaasee hanga Sirna Tuqaaleetti) kan of keessaa qabuudha.
  2. Ammas osoo hin turin Fayyadamaa Mobaayilaa(Mobile App) maqaa “Qubee Afaan Oromoo Sagaleen.” jedhu gad lakkisuun Hawaasni addunyaa guuturra jirtan daa’imarraa hanga guddatti jalqabarraa kaasaa baradhaa, amma booda Afaan Oromoo iddoon itti baradhu dhabe namni jedhu akka hin jiraanne jedhe Abdiisaan.
  3. Abdiisaan Sab-qunnamtii hawaasummaa irrattis keessattii Facebook Gubbatti Garee “Afaan Oromoo Haa guddifnu! ” jedhu ijaaree kan miseensa namoota 8000 ol qabu irratti guyyaa guyyaan Qubee irraa eegalee dhimmi guddinni Afaan Oromoo yeroo hunda kan irratti barsiifamu too’achaa jira.
  4. Hawaasni addunyaa garagaraa Abdiisaa wajjiin walbaruu jalqaban, Gaafiin barnoota Afaan Oromoo nu barsiisuu qabda jedhu hedduumachaa dhufe. Abdiisaan tole jedhee fudhate, Garee Whatsup “Afaan Oromoo Haaguddifnu!” jedhu uume Barnoota Afaan Oromoo Qubeerraa jalqabuun barsiisutti seene. Gareen kun yeroo muraasatti miseensa hanga nama dhibbaa horate. Abdiisaan rakkoolee fi bu’aa ba’ii jireenya dhuunfaa dagatee barnoota kanarratti xiyyeeffatee ji’a 4-5tti miseensotni garee kanaa. Haala kanaan turtii ji’a 4-5 keessatti miseensotni garee kanaa dubbisuu, barreessuu, dubbachuuf dubbisuu xumuran. Kanaanis Abdiisaan hojii boonsaa hojjate Miseensa Gammachiise.
  5. Ammas itti fufuun Abdiisaan wanta murteessaa fi barbaachisaadha jedhe torbaanuma keessa jirru kana Fayyadamaa Moobaayilaa(Mobile App) maqaa “Jechoota Hayyoota Oromoo” jedhu kan jechoota hayyoota 80 ol of keessaa qabu kinoo gad lakkisee jira.
  6. Maal kana qofa Abdiisaan Hojii ijoo tokko qabatee dhufeera. Innis dhaadannoo ganamaa tan “Afaan Oromoo Afaan saayinsiif teekinoolojii haa taasifnu!” jettu sana gara “Dhimma keenyaaf teenyee nama biraa eeguun salphina!” jedhutti jijjiirrun dhimma guddina Afaan Oromoo irratti sochii garagaraa gochuu irraan darbee dargaggoota heddu kakaaseera, bu’uura afaan kanaa lafa kaayuu qabna jedhee bu’aa bahii heddu ce’ee bahaa ture, kanaanis garee adda addaa lama ijaaree jalaa jigus/ bittannooftus, har’a garee sadaffaa maqaa “Qubee Technologies” jedhuun kan miseensa dargaggoota sha(5) of keessaa qabu ijaaree hojitti seenanii jiru.

Kaayyoon Gurguddoon Garee kanaa:

  1. Afaan Oromoo iddoo fi yeroo barbaadametti argachuuf akka danda’amu gochuu, itti fayyadamsiisuu, hordofuuf too’achuu.
  2. Afaan Oromoo bifa barbaadameen:
    1. Suur-sagaleen barsiisuu(Video tutorial)
    2. Barreeffamaan barsiisuu(Written tutorial)
    3. Fayyadamaa Moobaayilaatin(Monbile App)
    4. Aadaa nyaataa, uffannaa, ayyaanaa fi kkf Oromiyaa naannolee garagaraatti argaman qorachuuf ifa baasuu
    5. Waaltina Jechoota Afaan Oromoo irratti hojjachuu
    6. Mosajiilee(softwares) adda addaa afaan kanarratti hojjachuu
  3. Dogoggora asiin dura ture kanneen barreeffamaan Google irra jiran sirreessuu, Hedduun kan oli hin kuufamin waan ta’eef olkuusuu.

Haala kanaan Abdiisaan guddina Afaan Oromoo keessatti gahee seena qabeessa hojjachaa kan jiruu fi gara fuulduratti hojii boonsaa saba isaatiif lafa buusuu akka danda’u ibsaa, Abdiisaan yeroo ammaa kanas bifa alkallattiidhaan Guddina Aartii adda addaa keessattis hirmaannaa akka “Graphics design adda addaa, promotion design adda addaa fi Design Uffataarratti hirmaachuun gahee isaa bahaa jira.

Abdiisaan ykn Abdiisabaa gara fuulduraatti Kaampanii dhuunfaa ofii banatee hawaasa isaas tajaajilaa jiraanya ofiis gaggeessu abjochaa jira.

Dhumarratti Ogeessi dhamaatii adda addaa keessa darbee sabaaf jiraachaa jiru kun, jiraachuuf jecha guyyaa hojii Mootumaatti dadhabaa oolee, halkanimmoo hirribasaa dhiisee sabasaatiif jiraachaa akka jiruufi dadhabbii kana hunda tajaajila Bilisaatiin hojjachaa jiraachuu ykn hojiilee akkanatti itti dadhabe ykn dadhabaa jiru kanaf galiin argate akka hin jirre hubadha.